We’ve all seen the headlines and they are getting more alarming everyday: Drug overdoses claimed more Michigan lives than traffic and firearm deaths combined; New estimates in drug epidemic where Fentanyl is a big culprit. These are actually variations on two news articles that recently caught my eye. The first headline reads: “CDC report: In 2017, drug overdoses claimed more Michigan lives than traffic and firearm deaths combined.” The second reads: “Bleak New Estimates in Drug Epidemic: A Record 72,000 Overdose Deaths in 2017
Fentanyl is a big culprit, but there are also encouraging signs from states that have prioritized public health campaigns and addiction treatment.” I’d like to specifically discuss the under reporting of statistics for our LGTBQ2+ brothers and sisters who have been affected by this public health crisis and also the use of the word “epidemic.” As a reminder, Opioids are a class of drugs that include the drug heroin as well as the prescription pain relievers oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, morphine, fentanyl and others.
In any general population statistic, especially concerning alcohol and other drug misuse, the numbers are usually much higher for the LGBTQ2+ community. Especially for the current opioid public health crisis, our community is at higher risk due to a number of factors. First and foremost, trauma is a powerful, recurring reason why LGBTQ2+ individuals turn to substance abuse, according to Maureen A. Keeting, a chemical dependency counselor at Kent State University. In a 2017 online article, she notes that 80 to 90 percent of addiction victims have a background in trauma. Unfortunately, trauma isn’t uncommon for us LGBTQ2+ folks, due to violent attacks against us, family rejection, and in Michigan fear of housing or job loss due to our unprotected civil rights. However, there is no direct correlation to these and any other traumatic event and addiction.
The first article then, paints a bleak picture for Michigan in numbers: a recent report from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revealed in 2017 drug overdoses were responsible for the deaths of 2,662 Michiganders, more than the number of traffic and firearm deaths combined. The overdose deaths represent an 82 percent increase over five years and an eight percent jump from 2016. Unfortunately, when these numbers are broken down more specifically, we see a significant portion of straight, white suburban females struggling with opioid addiction the most (CDC). However, any study does not accurately capture and portray LGBTQ2+ numbers for a variety of reasons, mostly due to changing terms and labels and self-identity. It’s difficult, for example to ask in a question “Gay” when someone identifies straight but has sex with other man when high on meth only. Hence, the national numbers are important, but still do not speak accurately for our community. Those of us on the “front lines” of the public health crisis know first-hand the numbers and sub-groups afflicted, mostly gay white millennials and trans-males/females.
This is also why I have issues with judgmental words and labels; especially when talking to a person from the LGBTQ2+ community. We are already fighting for our equality on many other fronts, specifically less barriers to health care for one and we don’t need more labels to be used against us: lifestyle choice, religious freedom, etc. While the word “epidemic” is accurate – Webster’s defines the word as “affecting or tending to affect a disproportionally large numbers of individuals within a population, community, or region at the same time” – this word is laden with connotation and stigma; much like the words “addict”, “alcoholic” and “tweaker” are too. I believe calling this a Public Health Crisis more accurately captures the problem and is more inclusive of the individuals involved, namely those struggling with out-of-control behavior associated with either prescription or non-prescription drugs use. I also believe that a change to the current child-resist bottles in use today would greatly reduce these numbers across the board.
Besides a change in health barriers currently facing our community, I believe a recent bill introduced in the Michigan House which would require opioids and other highly addictive drugs be dispensed in locking prescription vials is a good start to begin combating early drug use by most teens, especially our LGBTQ2+ teens. As the article states, each year 960,000 children nationwide, between the ages of 12 and 17 initiate prescription drug abuse and many children start in middle school. As many of us LGBTQ2+ adults struggled with our gender identity and sexual orientation as teens, statistically, most of us turned to some form of alcohol or drug use to help cope. As the numbers show, this leads to a higher risk factor of substance abuse in early adulthood (CDC). This bill as a first step to help curb early drug abuse makes sense to me. I also believe, as a community, we need to have more open and honest conversations regarding the drug abuse currently ravaging our community, specifically meth and heroine. If you are one who “party and plays”, “looking for Tina” or any other number of euphemisms for drug seeking; or are selling drugs; or don’t speak up when a drug sales goes down near you; or are a business owner that allows drug sales or drug use to happen on your property… or any other number of scenarios we are all familiar with, then YOU are also contributing to the current public health crisis killing and destroying our community. Let’s start a conversation about drug use; and start with the person you love who is currently struggling with alcohol or other drug misuse. Let’s stop judging and labeling and begin supporting and offering help.